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What You Need to Know about Fish and Fisheries of India by V. G. Jhingran PDF: The Essential Book for Anyone Interested in Indian Fish and Fisheries


<h1>Fish and Fisheries of India by V. G. Jhingran PDF Download</h1>


<p>If you are looking for a comprehensive, authoritative and up-to-date book on fish and fisheries of India, you should definitely check out <strong>Fish and Fisheries of India</strong> by V. G. Jhingran. This book is widely regarded as the bible of fisheries science in India, as it covers all aspects of fish biology, culture, management, economics and trade in the country. In this article, we will tell you more about the author, the content, the features and the benefits of this book, as well as how to download it in PDF format.</p>




fishandfisheriesofindiabyvgjhingranpdfdownload



<h2>Introduction</h2>


<p>Fish and fisheries are an integral part of India's culture, economy, food security and biodiversity. India has a rich diversity of fish fauna, with more than 2500 species of freshwater, marine and brackishwater fishes. India is also one of the leading producers and consumers of fish and fish products in the world, with an annual production of over 14 million tonnes. However, despite the importance and potential of fish and fisheries in India, there is a lack of reliable and comprehensive information on various aspects of this sector.</p>


<p>This is where <strong>Fish and Fisheries of India</strong> by V. G. Jhingran comes in handy. This book is a classic reference work that provides a wealth of information on fish and fisheries of India in a systematic and scientific manner. It covers topics such as fish taxonomy, distribution, ecology, physiology, genetics, breeding, culture, nutrition, diseases, management, economics, trade and policy. It also includes data and statistics on fish production, consumption, export and import in India.</p>


<h3>Who is V. G. Jhingran?</h3>


<p>V. G. Jhingran was a renowned Indian ichthyologist and fisheries scientist who made significant contributions to the field of fish biology and aquaculture in India. He was born in 1925 in Bihar and obtained his M.Sc. degree in Zoology from Patna University in 1947. He then joined the Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute (CIFRI) as a research assistant and later became its director in 1975.</p>


<p>Jhingran was involved in several research projects on fish taxonomy, ecology, genetics, breeding, culture and management in various inland water bodies of India. He also played a key role in introducing exotic fish species such as common carp, silver carp, grass carp and tilapia in India for aquaculture purposes. He authored several books and papers on fish and fisheries of India, including <strong>Fisheries Development in India</strong>, <strong>Handbook of Fish Culture in the Indo-Pacific Region</strong> and <strong>Fish and Fisheries of India</strong>.</p>


<p>Jhingran received several awards and honors for his outstanding work in fisheries science, such as the Padma Shri in 1977, the Rafi Ahmed Kidwai Award in 1980, the FICCI Award in 1981 and the Dr. B. P. Pal Memorial Award in 1990. He was also a fellow of several prestigious scientific societies, such as the Indian National Science Academy, the National Academy of Agricultural Sciences, the Zoological Society of India and the Indian Academy of Sciences. He passed away in 2011 at the age of 86.</p>


<h3>What is the book about?</h3>


<p><strong>Fish and Fisheries of India</strong> by V. G. Jhingran is a comprehensive and authoritative book that covers all aspects of fish and fisheries of India in a systematic and scientific manner. The book was first published in 1975 and has been revised and enlarged in subsequent editions. The latest edition, which is the third edition, was published in 1991 and has 727 pages.</p>


<p>The book is divided into four parts: Part I deals with fish biology and ecology, Part II deals with fish culture and aquaculture, Part III deals with fish management and economics, and Part IV deals with fish trade and policy. The book also has an appendix that contains tables, figures, maps, charts and graphs on various aspects of fish and fisheries of India.</p>


<p>The book is written in a clear and concise language, with ample examples, illustrations, references and citations. It is suitable for students, teachers, researchers, professionals, policy makers and general readers who are interested in fish and fisheries of India.</p>


<h3>Why is the book important?</h3>


<p><strong>Fish and Fisheries of India</strong> by V. G. Jhingran is an important book because it provides a comprehensive, authoritative and up-to-date information on fish and fisheries of India in a systematic and scientific manner. It is one of the few books that covers all aspects of fish biology, culture, management, economics and trade in India. It also provides data and statistics on fish production, consumption, export and import in India.</p>


<p>The book is important because it helps to understand the diversity, distribution, ecology, physiology, genetics, breeding, culture, nutrition, diseases, management, economics, trade and policy of fish and fisheries of India. It also helps to identify the challenges and opportunities for the development and sustainability of fish and fisheries sector in India. It also helps to appreciate the role and contribution of fish and fisheries to India's culture, economy, food security and biodiversity.</p>


<h2>Main Features of the Book</h2>


<p><strong>Fish and Fisheries of India</strong> by V. G. Jhingran has several features that make it a unique and valuable book on fish and fisheries of India. Some of these features are:</p>


<h3>Comprehensive Coverage of Indian Fish and Fisheries</h3>


<h4>Freshwater Fish and Fisheries</h4>


<p>Freshwater fish and fisheries are those that occur in rivers, lakes, reservoirs, ponds, canals and other inland water bodies that have a salinity of less than 0.5 ppt. India has a rich diversity of freshwater fish fauna, with more than 877 species belonging to 23 orders, 64 families and 269 genera. Some of the major freshwater fish groups are cyprinids (carps), catfishes, loaches, perches, snakeheads, featherbacks, eels, gouramis, etc. Freshwater fish contribute to about 70% of the total fish production in India.</p>


<p>Freshwater fish and fisheries are important for food security, livelihood, recreation and conservation in India. Freshwater fish are a major source of animal protein for millions of people, especially in rural areas. Freshwater fisheries provide employment and income to millions of fishers, farmers and traders. Freshwater fisheries also support recreational and sport fishing activities that generate revenue and tourism. Freshwater fisheries also help to conserve the aquatic biodiversity and ecosystem services of inland water bodies.</p>


<h4>Marine Fish and Fisheries</h4>


<p>Marine fish and fisheries are those that occur in seas and oceans that have a salinity above 30 ppt. India has a long coastline of about 8,118 km and an exclusive economic zone (EEZ) of about 2.02 million sq km. India also has several islands in the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal that add to its marine resources. India has a rich diversity of marine fish fauna, with more than 1,518 species belonging to 25 orders, 155 families and 544 genera. Some of the major marine fish groups are clupeids (sardines), carangids (mackerels), sciaenids (croakers), scombrids (tunas), elasmobranchs (sharks and rays), etc. Marine fish contribute to about 30% of the total fish production in India.</p>


<p>Marine fish and fisheries are important for export earnings, livelihood, nutrition and conservation in India. Marine fish are a major source of foreign exchange for India, as they account for more than 50% of the total fish exports in terms of value. Marine fisheries provide employment and income to millions of fishers, processors and exporters. Marine fisheries also provide high-quality animal protein for millions of people, especially in coastal areas. Marine fisheries also help to conserve the marine biodiversity and ecosystem services of seas and oceans.</p>


<h4>Brackishwater Fish and Fisheries</h4>


<p>Brackishwater fish and fisheries are those that occur in backwaters, estuaries and coastal waters that have a salinity range of 0.5 to 30 ppt. India has an estimated area of about 12.40 lakh ha of brackishwater resources that include estuaries (deltaic river mouths), coastal lagoons, lakes, backwaters, tidal creeks, canals, mudflats, mangrove plants, etc. India has a rich diversity of brackishwater fish fauna, with more than 113 species belonging to 16 orders, 38 families and 77 genera. Some of the major brackishwater fish groups are mullets, milkfish, seabass, pearlspot, pompano, grouper, etc. Brackishwater fish contribute to less than 1% of the total fish production in India.</p>


<h4>Fish Farming Methods and Practices</h4>


<p>Fish farming methods and practices are the techniques and procedures used to raise fish in artificial or semi-natural environments. Fish farming methods and practices vary depending on the type of fish, the type of water body, the type of culture system, the level of intensity, the availability of resources and the market demand. Some of the common fish farming methods and practices in India are:</p>


<h5>Pond System</h5>


<p>Pond system is one of the most widely used fish farming methods in India. It involves constructing earthen ponds of various sizes and shapes in suitable locations. The ponds are filled with water from natural or artificial sources and fertilized with organic or inorganic materials to enhance the natural productivity. The ponds are stocked with fingerlings of desired fish species at appropriate densities and fed with supplementary feed or natural food organisms. The ponds are managed for water quality, fish health, predator control and harvesting. The pond system can be used for freshwater, brackishwater or marine fish culture.</p>


<h5>Cage System</h5>


<p>Cage system is one of the emerging fish farming methods in India. It involves enclosing fish in net cages that are suspended in open water bodies such as rivers, lakes, reservoirs, estuaries or coastal waters. The cages are made of synthetic materials such as nylon, polyethylene or polypropylene and have different shapes and sizes depending on the type of fish and water body. The cages are stocked with fingerlings of desired fish species at appropriate densities and fed with extruded floating feed or natural food organisms. The cages are managed for water quality, fish health, predator control and harvesting. The cage system can be used for freshwater, brackishwater or marine fish culture.</p>


<h5>Tank System</h5>


<p>Tank system is one of the modern fish farming methods in India. It involves raising fish in tanks that are made of concrete, metal, plastic or fiberglass and have different shapes and sizes depending on the type of fish and space availability. The tanks are filled with water from natural or artificial sources and aerated with mechanical devices such as pumps, blowers or diffusers. The tanks are stocked with fingerlings of desired fish species at appropriate densities and fed with extruded floating feed or natural food organisms. The tanks are managed for water quality, fish health, predator control and harvesting. The tank system can be used for freshwater, brackishwater or marine fish culture.</p>


<h5>Raceway System</h5>


<h2>How to Download the Book in PDF Format?</h2>


<p>If you are interested in reading <strong>Fish and Fisheries of India</strong> by V. G. Jhingran, you might be wondering how to download the book in PDF format. PDF stands for Portable Document Format, which is a universal file format that preserves the layout, fonts, graphics and images of any document. PDF files can be viewed and printed on any device that supports PDF, such as computers, tablets, smartphones and e-readers.</p>


<p>Downloading the book in PDF format has several benefits, such as:</p>


<h3>Benefits of Downloading the Book in PDF Format</h3>


<ul>


<li>You can access the book anytime and anywhere, without the need for an internet connection.</li>


<li>You can zoom in and out, search for keywords, highlight text, add notes and bookmarks to the book.</li>


<li>You can print the book or parts of it for your personal use or reference.</li>


<li>You can share the book with others who are interested in fish and fisheries of India.</li>


<li>You can preserve the original quality and appearance of the book, as PDF files do not change or lose data over time.</li>


</ul>


<h3>Steps to Download the Book in PDF Format</h3>


<p>To download the book in PDF format, you need to follow these steps:</p>


<ol>


<li>Go to the website where the book is available for download. For example, you can go to <a href="https://www.nhbs.com/fish-and-fisheries-of-india-book">https://www.nhbs.com/fish-and-fisheries-of-india-book</a>, which is one of the online sources where you can buy or download the book.</li>


<li>Select the option to download the book in PDF format. You might need to create an account or pay a fee to access the download link.</li>


<li>Click on the download link and save the file to your device. You might need to enter a password or a captcha code to verify your identity.</li>


<li>Open the file with a PDF reader or viewer. You can use any software that supports PDF, such as Adobe Acrobat Reader, Foxit Reader, Sumatra PDF, etc.</li>


<li>Enjoy reading the book and learning more about fish and fisheries of India.</li>


</ol>


<h2>Conclusion</h2>


<p><strong>Fish and Fisheries of India</strong> by V. G. Jhingran is a comprehensive and authoritative book that covers all aspects of fish biology, culture, management, economics and trade in India. It is a valuable resource for anyone who is interested in fish and fisheries of India, whether for academic, professional or personal purposes. The book is available in both print and digital formats, but downloading it in PDF format has several advantages over other formats. To download the book in PDF format, you need to follow some simple steps and have a PDF reader or viewer on your device. We hope this article has helped you understand more about the book and how to download it in PDF format.</p>


<h2>FAQs</h2>


<p>Here are some frequently asked questions about <strong>Fish and Fisheries of India</strong> by V. G. Jhingran and its PDF download:</p>


<ol>


<li>Who is the author of <strong>Fish and Fisheries of India</strong>?<br>


The author of <strong>Fish and Fisheries of India</strong> is V. G. Jhingran, who was a renowned Indian ichthyologist and fisheries scientist who made significant contributions to the field of fish biology and aquaculture in India.</li>


<li>When was <strong>Fish and Fisheries of India</strong> first published?<br>


<strong>Fish and Fisheries of India</strong> was first published in 1975 by Hindustan Publishing Corporation (India). It has been revised and enlarged in subsequent editions. The latest edition, which is the third edition, was published in 1991 by Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd.</li>


<li>How many pages does <strong>Fish and Fisheries of India</strong> have?<br>


<strong>Fish and Fisheries of India</strong> has 727 pages in its third edition.</li>


<li>What are some of the topics covered by <strong>Fish and Fisheries of India</strong>?<br>


Some of the topics covered by <strong>Fish and Fisheries of India</strong> are fish taxonomy, distribution, ecology, physiology, genetics, breeding, culture, nutrition, diseases, management, economics, trade and policy. It also includes data and statistics on fish production, consumption, export and import in India.</li>


<li>Why should I download <strong>Fish and Fisheries of India</strong> in PDF format?<br>


You should download <strong>Fish and Fisheries of India</strong> in PDF format because it has several benefits, such as accessibility, customization, printing, sharing and preservation. PDF files can be viewed and printed on any device that supports PDF, such as computers, tablets, smartphones and e-readers. PDF files also preserve the original quality and appearance of the book, as they do not change or lose data over time.</li>


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